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Task 6: Citing references the APA way

How to write references in your work

The APA style

...APA format is the official style of the American Psychological Association (APA) and is commonly used to cite sources in psychology, education, and the social sciences. The APA style originated in a 1929 article published in Psychological Bulletin that laid out the basic guidelines. These guidelines were eventually expanded into the APA Publication Manual. If you have never taken a psychology or social science class before, then you are probably accustomed to using a different style guide such as MLA or Chicago style. New college students are often surprised to find that after spending years having another formatting style drilled into their heads, many university-level classes instead require APA style...

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Part 1: In-text Citations

One author

When you refer to a single author, include the author's family name and year of publication, using one of the forms shown here.

Clay (2003) argues that having a planned approach to writing essays can be of great benefit.


Essay writing can be made much more manageable if a planned approach is taken (Clay, 2003).

For citing an author or authors more than once in any one paragraph, see instructions under Repeat citations of a study within one paragraph.

Multiple authors

For two authors, include the family name of both authors and year as required.

According to Antonakos and Kazanis (2003) there are advantages to keeping design and research methods simple.


There are advantages to keeping design and research methods simple (Antonakos & Kazanis, 2003).

Use 'and' when family names are outside parentheses; use '&' when family names are inside parentheses.

In the case of three, four or five authors...

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Basic Structure:

Start by listing the authors last name and first initials, followed by the date of publication in parentheses. Provide the title of the article, but only capitalize the first letter of the title. Next, list the journal or periodical and volume number in italics. Finally, provide the page numbers where the article can be found.

For example:

Author, I. N. (Year). Title of the article. Title of the Journal or Periodical, volume number, page numbers.


Smith, L. V. (2000). Referencing articles in APA format. APA Format Weekly, 34, 4-10.

Magazine Articles:

The structure for an article appearing in a magazine is similar to that of a journal article. However, the publication date should also include the month and day of publication...

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You should google some articles and make sure you understand how the 'APA style' works.
Also have a go at writing some short paragraphs, and practice, citing some references.
Practice makes perfect (Adams, 1761).

Task Discussion